"Battle Tactics of the Western Front" by Paddy Griffith

Battle Tactics of the Western Front The British Army`s Art of Attack, 1916-18 Paddy Griffith

Format:
Paperback
Publication date:
24 Apr 1996
ISBN:
9780300066630
Imprint:
Yale University Press
Dimensions:
302 pages: 235 x 156mm

Historians have portrayed British participation in World War I as a series of tragic debacles, with lines of men mown down by machine guns, with untried new military technology, and incompetent generals who threw their troops into improvised and unsuccessful attacks. In this book a renowned military historian studies the evolution of British infantry tactics during the war and challenges this interpretation, showing that while the British army's plans and technologies failed persistently during the improvised first half of the war, the army gradually improved its technique, technology, and, eventually, its' self-assurance. By the time of its successful sustained offensive in the fall of 1918, says Paddy Griffith, the British army was demonstrating a battlefield skill and mobility that would rarely be surpassed even during World War II.

Evaluating the great gap that exists between theory and practice, between textbook and bullet-swept mudfield, Griffith argues that many battles were carefully planned to exploit advanced tactics and to avoid casualties, but that breakthrough was simply impossible under the conditions of the time. According to Griffith, the British were already masters of "storm troop tactics" by the end of 1916, and in several important respects were further ahead than the Germans would be even in 1918. In fields such as the timing and orchestration of all-arms assaults, predicted artillery fire, "Commando-style" trench raiding, the use of light machine guns, or the barrage fire of heavy machine guns, the British led the world. Although British generals were not military geniuses, says Griffith, they should at least be credited for effectively inventing much of the twentieth-century's art of war.

Paddy Griffith is the author of numerous other books on military subjects, including Battle Tactics of the Civil War. Formerly a senior lecturer in war studies at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, England, he is now a freelance author and publisher.

"A major departure from the standard interpretation of British participation in World War I. . . . With deliberate steps the author . . . studies the evolution of British infantry tactics from the slipshod techniques of the first half of the war to the tactically sound sustained offensive during the latter half."?Choice


"Surely one of the year's most fascinating books on the First World War."?Military Illustrated


"Griffith does an admirable job cataloging the various British responses to the intractable and changing tactical problems of the Western Front."?Col. Richard M. Swain, USA, Retired, School of Advanced Military Studies, USACGSC from review published in Military Review


"Paddy Griffith's lively, entertaining, and opinionated study will surely invigorate the debate on British methods of waging trench warfare in the First World War. He also writes from a broad scholarly perspective, having made a mark for himself in the historiography of Napoleonic warfare and the American Civil War. . . . This is a significant addition to First World War studies."?David Woodward, International History Review


"A highly original work which . . . will provide an essential starting-point for future study of the British army of 1914-18. Everyone with a serious interest in the BEF should read it."?Bob Butcher, Stand to: The Journal of the Western Front Association


"Unquestionably an important book, filled with carefully reasoned insights and analyses. It is a must read for anyone concerned with the tactical side of British experience on the battlefields of the western front."?Donald C. Richter, American Historical Review


"This is a first-class piece of military history, at once scholarly and readable. . . . Griffith has written a study which does not just illuminate the gory tactics of the Western Front in the Great War, it also says much about how armies live, learn and are led of relevance to every theatre and every era."?Dr. M. Galeotti, Jane's Intelligence Review


"A stimulating, challenging and provocative work that overturns much conventional wisdom. It will be of interest to many more readers than just students of tactics."?N.R.H. Evans, English Historical Review


"A well-written and accessible study, which makes many sound points on the development of low-level tactics during the First World War. It is an excellent introduction to the subject and its appearance in paperback is very welcome."?Martin Samuels, War Studies Journal