"Never at War" by Spencer R. Weart

Never at War Why Democracies Will Not Fight One Another Spencer R. Weart

Publication date:
01 Apr 2000
434 pages: 229 x 152 x 24mm
black & white illustrations

This lively survey of the history of conflict between democracies reveals a remarkable-and tremendously important-finding: fully democratic nations have never made war on other democracies. Furthermore, historian Spencer R. Weart concludes in this thought-provoking book, they probably never will. Building his argument on some forty case studies ranging through history from ancient Athens to Renaissance Italy to modern America, the author analyzes for the first time every instance in which democracies or regimes like democracies have confronted each other with military force. Weart establishes a consistent set of definitions of democracy and other key terms, then draws on an array of international sources to demonstrate the absence of war among states of a particular democratic type. His survey also reveals the new and unexpected finding of a still broader zone of peace among oligarchic republics, even though there are more of such minority-controlled governments than democracies in history. In addition, Weart discovers that peaceful leagues and confederations-the converse of war-endure only when member states are democracies or oligarchies. With the help of related findings in political science, anthropology, and social psychology, the author explores how the political culture of democratic leaders prevents them from warring against others who are recognized as fellow democrats and how certain beliefs and behaviors lead to peace or war. Weart identifies danger points for democracies, and he offers crucial, practical information to help safeguard peace in the future.

Spencer R. Weart is director of the Center for History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics.

Named an Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine

_This is a book that will be widely read. Weart considers in detail and complexity a topic of major interest_the mechanisms by which peace is achieved or missed.__Bruce Russett, Yale University

_Weart_s is the most comprehensive overview of the Democratic Peace phenomenon yet written. . . . Weart throws considerable weight behind those who seek international peace through democratization. Never at War is a rare commodity, academically timely but crisply written, accessible to interested readers of all levels.__Choice

"This hybrid of history and political science makes the daring though commonsense argument that democratic forms of government, when animated by a culture that has learned how to accommodate fierce internal disagreements and defuse boiling tensions, will produce leaders who solve problems abroad using the same nonviolent strategies that keep the peace at home."_First Things

_Weart lays out his case in clear, readable prose and livens his narrative with entertaining anecdotes. . . . Never at War is in many ways the most accessible and comprehensive brief for the democratic peace available. . . . Never at War is a useful contribution to this important debate.__Stephen Walt, Foreign Affairs

_Weart constructs a persuasive theory to explain why democracies do not go to war with one another and presents evidence that further confirms the pattern of democratic peace. . . . Never at War represents a fine contribution to the theory of the interdemocratic peace and is essential reading for any historian or international relations scholar interested in understanding how regime type affects foreign policy.__William F. Mabe, Jr., Journal of Interdisciplinary History

_Weart bases his thesis on an enormous amount of research in historical, sociological, anthropological, and political science sources. He mixes the methodologies of all these disciplines to arrive at his well-argued conclusions. A remarkable piece of scholarship.__Library Journal

"A remarkable piece of scholarship; for all large collections and for those specializing in war and peace studies."_Library Journal

_Are democratic nations really less likely to resort to war than autocracies or dictatorships--be they hereditary, communist, fascist or fundamentalist? Spencer R. Weart_s book Never at War contains one of the most definitive discussions of this issue.__Michael Pearlman, Military Review

_A stimulating, impressive and important contribution. It has three particular virtues. First it is clearly written, and is thus fully accessible to an audience beyond the academy. Second, the scope of the inquiry is wide. . . Third, [Weart] offers a refined version of the democratic peace hypothesis.__Michael Mandelbaum, New York Times Book Review

_[A] capacious work. Its importance goes beyond the democratic peace: it suggests both that culture matters in international relations and that republican culture is not as temporally and spatially bounded as many think.__John M. Owen, Political Science Quarterly

_Comprehensive . . . well informed . . . thoughtful, well written, and absorbing.__Bruce Cumings, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

_A fascinating historical tour d_horizon.__Lawrence S. Kaplan, Journal of Military History

"The theory of the 'Democratic Peace' is transforming international relations theory and practice. Never at War, by Spencer R. Weart, is one of the basic research studies underlying this important new theory. It is the only such study to review the findings throughout human history. As such, it is one of the most important books of our age."_Ambassador John Norton Moore, Former Chairman of the Board of the United States Institute of Peace