"A Philosophy of Second Language Acquisition" by Marysia Johnson

A Philosophy of Second Language Acquisition Marysia Johnson

Yale Language Series
Publication date:
10 Nov 2003
Yale University Press
224 pages: 235 x 156mm
25 b-w illus.
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How does a person learn a second language? In this provocative book, Marysia Johnson proposes a new model of second language acquisition (SLA)—a model that shifts the focus from language competence (the ability to pass a language exam) to language performance (using language competently in real-life contexts).

Johnson argues that current SLA theory and research is heavily biased in the direction of the cognitive and experimental scientific tradition. She shows that most models of SLA are linear in nature and subscribe to the conduit metaphor of knowledge transfer: the speaker encodes a message, the hearer decodes the sent message. Such models establish a strict demarcation between learners’ mental and social processes. Yet the origin of second language acquisition is located not exclusively in the learner’s mind but also in a dialogical interaction conducted in a variety of sociocultural and institutional settings, says the author. Drawing on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and Bakhtin’s literary theory, she constructs an alternative framework for second language theory, research, teaching, and testing. This approach directs attention toward the investigation of dynamic and dialectical relationships between the interpersonal (social) plane and the intrapersonal (individual) plane. Johnson’s model shifts the focus of SLA away from a narrow emphasis on language competence toward a broader view that encompasses the interaction between language competence and performance.

Original and controversial, A Philosophy of Second Language Acquisition offers:
  • an introduction to Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and Bakhtin’s literary theory, both of which support an alternative framework for second language acquisition;
  • an examination of the existing cognitive bias in SLA theory and research;
  • a radically new model of second language acquisition.

Marysia Johnson is assistant professor of linguistics at Arizona State University, where she works extensively in the area of second language acquisition research.

?Marysia Johnson here offers a refreshing, unique, and necessary contribution to the SLA conversation.??Fred Davidson, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

"This book will be of interest to a wide variety of readers. It is excellent for teachers-in-training at the graduate and undergraduate level because of its thorough and clear introduction to the major theories and history of SLA research.  Researchers currently working in the field of SLA will appreciate the new directions for research proposed by Johnson.  She provides a convincing argument for the need to re-examine the accepted cognitive model of SLA as well as direction for new areas and means of inquiry."?NECTFL Review