The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, K-N Volume 4 David Noel Freedman

The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Publication date:
01 Jun 1992
Yale University Press
1200 pages: 235 x 187mm

The most extensive Bible dictionary ever created:

-         The first major Bible dictionary to be published in America in 30 years

-         6 volumes of approximately 1,200 pages each

-         More than 6,000 entries

-         More than 7,000,000 words

-         Nearly 1,000 contributors —all the biggest names from around the world

-         Multicultural and interdisciplinary in scope

-         An unprecedented interfaith exploration of the Bible

-         Illustrated throughout with easy-to-find references

-         Endpaper maps of the Near Eastern world keyed to text for quick location of archaeological and biblical sites

-         Extensively cross-referenced for comprehensive coverage of topics

-         Easy-to-read article and chapter headings for speedy location of material

-         Full bibliographic references following all major entries


Inside you’ll find:

-         Exciting articles on pseudepigraphic and apocryphal texts, Nag Hammadi tractates, and individual dead Sea Scrolls—including the very latest on the most recently published sectarian Dead Sea Scrolls

-         “Minor entries” on personal and place-names that go well beyond the one- or two-sentence descriptions found in other Bible dictionaries

-         Outstanding summaries of the latest research on the historical Jesus

-         Fascinating new articles discussing the growing reappraisal of early Christianity’s relationship with Judaism (was Christianity an “offspring” or “sibling” of rabbinic Judaism?)

-         Many articles illustrating the literary artistry of the biblical text

-         Intriguing discussions of everyday life in Bible lands—including articles that help us to understand health and disease, the role of animals and plants in the ancient ecosystem, and the demographics of human settlement in ancient Palestine

-         A richness of information unequaled in the history of biblical studies


Edited by David Noel Freedman

Editorial Consultants:

            Hans Dieter Betz—Greco-Roman Religin

            James H. Charlesworth—Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

            Frank More Cross—Old Testament

            William G. Dever—Archaeology

A.     Kirk Grayson—Mesopotamia and Assyriology

Peter  Machinist—Bible and Ancient Near East

Abraham J. Malherbe—New Testament

Birger A. Pearson—Early Christianity

Jack M. Sassoon—Bible and Ancient Near East

William R. Schoedel—Early Christian Literature

"In the past 30 years, there have been three major encyclopedic Bible dictionaries published in English: The Interpreter's Bible Dictionary (IBD ), the Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible , and The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia ( ISBE ). When it was published in 1962 (with a supplementary volume in 1976), the IBD represented the state of critical Biblical scholarship. The ISBE , though an extensive revision of the previous edition (1929), retained many articles from its predecessors (1915 and 1929). Because of the numerous developments in biblical scholarship during the past three decades, the editor felt (rightly) that it was time for a Bible dictionary that would represent the current state of the discipline. The Anchor Bible Dictionary ( ABD ) is the result of his vision. The ABD is both international and interconfessional, with nearly 1000 contributors from around the world representing Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim traditions (and also those of no religious tradition). The list of contributing scholars includes names long associated with biblical and theological studies. The currency of the dictionary as a whole is reflected especially in the inclusion of such subjects as the Dead Sea Scrolls, early Jewish-Christian relations, the historical Jesus, and sociological and literary methods of biblical criticism (including feminist hermeneutics), and in numerous entries on archaeological sites. In addition, the bibliographies are usually up to date and often extensive. Unlike previous Bible dictionaries, the bibliographic entries in the ABD are complete citations, listed individually rather than in a run-on fashion, and hence easier to use. Even in such a monumental success as the ABD , there are weak spots. One might expect to find pronunciations, especially for place and personal names--which is the case with the IBD and the ISBE --but none are given here. There are few illustrations throughout. The maps are inadequate, and some of the topics are handled clumsily. Yet overall, this is a solid piece of work, well written and well edited. It will serve scholars and students because of its currency and thoroughness and lay readers because of its generally readable style. The ABD deserves a place on the shelves beside the standard Bible dictionaries of previous generations and is recommended for public, academic, and seminary libraries."?Craig W. Beard, Library Journal